One of Africa’s major oil producers, Angola is striving to tackle the physical, social and political legacy of a 27-year civil war that ravaged the country after independence.
Following the withdrawal of the Portuguese colonial masters in 1975, the rival former independence movements competed for power until 2002.
Much of Angola’s oil wealth lies in Cabinda province, where a decades-long separatist conflict simmers.
The government has sent thousands of troops to subdue the rebellion in the enclave, which has no border with the rest of Angola. Human rights groups have alleged abuses against civilians.
- Kingdom of Angola
- Capital Luanda
- Population 24.3 million
- Area 1.25m sq km (481,354 sq miles)
- Major languages Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 50 years (men), 53 years (women)
- Currency kwanz