Argentina stretches 4,000 km from its sub-tropical north to the sub-Antarctic south.
Its terrain includes part of the Andes mountain range, swamps, the plains of the Pampas and a long coastline. Its people have had to struggle with military dictatorship, a lost war over the Falkland Islands, and severe economic difficulties.
Argentina is rich in resources, has a well-educated workforce and is one of South America’s largest economies. But it has also fallen prey to a boom and bust cycle.
The country remains locked in a territorial dispute with Britain over the Falklands Islands, which are governed as a British overseas territory, but have been claimed by Buenos Aires since the 1830s.
- Republic of Argentina
- Capital: Buenos Aires
- Population 41.1 million
- Area 2.8m sq km (1.1m sq miles)
- Major language Spanish
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 72 years (men), 80 years (women)
- Currency Peso