Burundi, one of the world’s poorest nations, is struggling to emerge from a 12-year, ethnic-based civil war.
Since independence in 1962 it has been plagued by tension between the usually-dominant Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority.
The ethnic violence sparked off in 1994 made Burundi the scene of one of Africa’s most intractable conflicts.
- Republic of Burundi
- Capital: Bujumbura
- 10.4m population – similar to Belgium
- 27,816 sq km area – similar to Haiti
- UN, World Bank, CIA World Factbo
- 50 years life expectancy for men
- 50 years life expectancy for women
- $900 GDP per capita – similar to Liberia