Croatia’s declaration of independence in 1991 was followed by four years of war and the best part of a decade of authoritarian nationalism under President Franjo Tudjman.
By early 2003 it had made enough progress in shaking off the legacy of those years to apply for EU membership, becoming the second former Yugoslav republic after Slovenia to do so.
Following protracted accession talks, Croatia took its place as the 28th member state of the EU on 1 July 2013.
A country of striking natural beauty with a stunning Adriatic coastline, Croatia is again very popular as a tourist destination.
- THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
- Capital: Zagreb
- Population 4.4 million
- Area 56,594 sq km (21,851 sq miles)
- Major language Croatian
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 73 years (men), 80 years (women)
- Currency kuna