Estonia is the most northerly of the three Baltic states, and has linguistic ties with Finland.
Since regaining its independence with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Estonia has become one of the most economically successful of the European Union’s newer eastern European members.
Ruled at various times during the middle ages by Denmark, the German knights of the Livonian Order, and Sweden, Estonia ended up part of the Russian Empire in the 18th century.
It experienced its first period of independence in 1918, following the end of the First World War and the collapse of the Russian Empire.
- REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA
- Capital: Tallinn
- Population 1.3 million
- Area 45,227 sq km (17,462 sq miles)
- Major languagesEstonian, Russian
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 70 years (men), 80 years (women)
- Currency euro