India is the world’s largest democracy and according to UN estimates, its population is expected to overtake China’s in 2028 to become the world’s most populous nation.
As a rising economic powerhouse and nuclear-armed state, India has emerged as an important regional power.
But it is also tackling huge, social, economic and environmental problems.
Home to some of the world’ s most ancient surviving civilizations, the Indian subcontinent – from the mountainous Afghan frontier to the jungles of Burma – is both vast and diverse in terms of its people, language and cultural traditions.
- Republic of India
- Capital: New Delhi
- Population: 1.3 billion
- Area: 3.1 million sq km (1.2 million sq miles), excluding Kashmir
- Major languages: Hindi, English and more than 20 other official languages
- Major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism
- Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 68 years (women)
- Currency: Rupee