A densely-populated country on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Israel is the only state in the world with a majority Jewish population.
It has been locked in conflict with the Palestinians and its Arab neighbours over ownership of land considered holy by many Jews, Christians and Muslims since its creation in 1948.
The division of the former British Mandate of Palestine and the creation of the State of Israel in the years after the end of World War II was the culmination of the Zionist movement, whose aim was a homeland for Jews hitherto scattered all over the world.[
- Capital: Tegucigalpa
- Population 7.9 million
- Area 112,492 sq km (43,433 sq miles)
- Major languages Spanish, indigenous languages, English
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 71 years (men), 76 years (women)
- Currency lempira