The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a small country with few natural resources, but it has played a pivotal role in the struggle for power in the Middle East.
Jordan’s significance results partly from its strategic location at the crossroads of what Christians, Jews and Muslims call the Holy Land.
It is a key ally of the US and, together with Egypt, one of only two Arab nations to have made peace with Israel.
The desert kingdom emerged out of the post-First World War division of the Middle East by Britain and France.
- THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN
- Capital: Amman
- Population 6.5 million
- Area 89,342 sq km (34,492 sq miles)
- Major language Arabic
- Major religion Islam
- Life expectancy 72 years (men), 75 years