The Principality of Liechtenstein is a tiny, doubly-landlocked country tucked away between Switzerland and Austria and with mountain slopes rising above the Rhine valley.
It owes much of its wealth to its traditional status as a tax haven, though it has in recent years taken steps to shake off its image as a tax haven and to reposition itself as a legitimate financial centre.
The country has come through a lengthy political wrangle over the role and power of the hereditary monarchy.
After an often bitter campaign, the people voted in March 2003 in a constitutional referendum to give Prince Hans-Adam sweeping new political powers. The following year he handed over practical power to his son, Crown Prince Alois.
- Principality of Liechtenstein
- Capital: Vaduz
- Population 35,000 (UN, 2009)
- Area 1160 sq km (61.8 sq miles)
- Major language German
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 75 years (men), 82 years (women)
- Currency Swiss franc