The Kingdom of Morocco is the most westerly of the North African countries known as the Maghreb – the “Arab West”. It has Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines, a rugged mountain interior and a history of independence not shared by its neighbours.
Its rich culture is a blend of Arab, Berber, European and African influences.
Morocco was a French protectorate from 1912 to 1956, when Sultan Mohammed became king. He was succeeded in 1961 by his son, Hassan II, who ruled for 38 years and played a prominent role in the search for peace in the Middle East. He also ruthlessly suppressed domestic opposition.
- The Republic of Mozambique
- Capital: Maputo
- Population 24.5 million
- Area 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
- Languages Portuguese (official), several indigenous languages, including Makhuwa
- Major religions Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
- Life expectancy 50 years (men), 52 years (women)
- Currency metical