Puerto Rico is the easternmost and smallest of the Greater Antilles, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Basin to the south.
Neither a state nor independent, the island has been a US territory since 1898.
Everyone born on the island is an American citizen and holds a US passport but cannot vote in US presidential elections.
Puerto Rican culture is a blend of Amerindian Taino, Spanish and African influences with Spanish being the island’s first language.
Tourism is an important money-earner and the island attracts millions of visitors each year. But crippling public debt, poverty and high unemployment have seen many of the islanders leave for the US mainland.
- Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
- Capital: San Juan
- Status Self-governing overseas territory of the United States
- Population 3.7 million
- Area 8,959 sq km (3,459 sq miles)
- Main languages Spanish, English
- Main religion Christianity
- Currency US dollar