Qatar, once one of the poorest Gulf states, is one of the richest countries in the region today.
Qatar is using income from its large gas reserves to bankroll its regional and global ambitions. It has won a controversial bid to host the 2022 Football World Cup.
Not all of its regional interventions are popular with other Arab leaders, like its support for the Palestinian Hamas faction in Gaza and Islamist groups in Egypt and Syria. In 2017 Saudi Arabia led efforts to cut the country off to force it to abandon its alleged support for terrorism.
It also faces some problems at home. Oil money funds an all-embracing welfare state, with many services free or heavily subsidised, but the treatment of migrant workers is frequently criticized by rights groups.
- The State of Qatar
- Capital: Doha
- 2.7 million Population
- 11,437 sq km Area
- Arabic Language
- Islam Religion
- 78.5 Life expectancy
- Riyal Currency