Rwanda, a small landlocked country in east-central Africa, is trying to recover from the ethnic strife that culminated in government-sponsored genocide in the mid-1990s.
In the genocide, an estimated 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed by dominant Hutu forces in 100 days.
The country has struggled with its legacy of ethnic tension associated with the traditionally unequal relationship between the Tutsi minority and the majority Hutus.
Today, Rwanda is striving to rebuild its economy, with coffee and tea production among its main exports. The World Bank has praised Rwanda’s recent “remarkable development successes”, which it says have helped reduce poverty and inequality.
- Republic of Rwanda
- Capital : Kigali
- Population 11.2 million
- Area 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles)
- Major languagesKinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Swahili
- Major religionsChristianity, indigenous beliefs
- Life expectancy 54 years (men), 57 years (women)
- Currency Rwandan franc