Slovenia is a small country in Central Europe, but contains within its borders Alpine mountains, thick forests, historic cities and a short Adriatic coastline.
Slovenia was the first former Yugoslav republic to join the European Union, in May 2004 – shortly after joining Nato.
Unlike Croatia or Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia’s independence from Yugoslavia was almost bloodless. The country also found the transition from a state economy to the free market easier than most.
Long regarded as one of the best-performing new EU members, Slovenia was dragged into a deep recession by the European financial crisis in 2012.
Slovenia’s relations with Croatia have been strained on account of a rumbling dispute over sea and land borders dating back to the break-up of Yugoslavia.
- Republic of Slovenia
- Capital: Ljubljana
- Population 2 million
- Area 20,273 sq km (7,827 sq miles)
- Major language Slovene
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 76 years (men), 83 years (women)
- Currency euro